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Addressing regulatory barriers to providing emergency and transitional shelter in a rapid and equitable manner after natural disasters
In recent years, many natural disasters have resulted in large-scale displacement, with thousands and sometimes even millions of persons rendered homeless. For these survivors, securing adequate shelter is critical. For all concerned, long-term solutions are the main goal. However, rehabilitation, repair and reconstruction are nearly always slow and difficult processes and it is therefore often indispensable to also pursue interim solutions, particularly in emergency and transitional shelter. This report hopes to facilitate a dialogue between states and the Movement on existing problems and potential solutions. It also proposes three concrete steps for collaborative work moving forward:
- National Societies are encouraged to cooperate with their governments to undertake informal “audits” of the national regulatory environment for providing post-disaster shelter;
- Governments are encouraged to consider putting in place procedures to enable rapid and equitable shelter after disasters; and
- It is proposed that an international certification should be developed based on existing best practices for a process of participatory land mapping aimed at determining land occupancy rights for the purpose of post-disaster shelter, when official titling systems are absent or incomplete.
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